J Pak Med Assoc. 2019 Aug;69(Suppl 3)(8):S4-S8.
The effect of acupuncture on anti-mullerian hormone and assisted reproduction outcome in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome patients undergoing in vitro fertilization.
- Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.
To evaluate the effect of acupuncture at follicular phase of menstrual cycle on anti-mullerian hormone levels in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome undergoing in-vitro fertilisation and to see its impact on assisted reproduction outcome.
The prospective, randomised, controlled trial was conducted from March 2011 to July 2012 at the Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China. In the center, the patients randomly chose odd or pair number, the patients with odd numbers classified as an interventional group and the patients with paired numbers as non-interventional group. Infertile polycystic ovary syndrome patients aged 20-40 years were enrolled from the hospital's Assisted Reproduction Centre from March 2011 to July 2012. The patients were randomised into two groups, with one receiving follicular phase acupuncture for 30-40 minutes according to the principles of traditional Chinese medicine, and the other group not getting subjected to acupuncture. Serum and follicular anti-mullerian hormone concentration were determined.
Of the 102 patients, 33(32.4%) were in the intervention group, while 69(67.6%) were in the control group. There was no significant effect of acupuncture on serum and follicular fluid anti-mullerian hormone levels in the intervention group compared to the control group (p>0.05). Serum progesterone and estradiol levels on the day of giving human chorionic gonadotrophin, as well as serum progesterone and estradiol levels on the day of oocytes pick-up were significantly lower in the intervention group (p<0.05). Number of embryos transferred, clinical and ongoing pregnancy rates were significantly higher in the intervention group (p<0.05) with a significant decrease of ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome rate in the intervention group (p<0.05).
Follicular phase acupuncture was found to have a positive effect for polycystic ovary syndrome patients undergoing in-vitro fertilisation, but it had no effect on anti mullerian hormone concentrations.
Polycystic ovary syndrome ; Anti-mullerian hormone ; Acupuncture